The Anatomy Museum is located in the Anatomy Building at the east end of Trinity College. Primarily a teaching collection for students, regular requests for access to the collections by researchers and surgeons are facilitated.
The collections held at the Anatomy Museum include human remains from the Pathological collection and Human Anatomical Preparations, mostly dating from the 18th and 19th century and are displayed across the ground floor and gallery. Some have specific provenance histories while others are less well known and are indicative of a historical method of research. Also held are paintings, drawings and sculptures in the Dissecting room and Lecture Theatre.
At the end of 2009, 3 Maori mummified heads and a full skeleton from this collection were returned to the National Museum of New Zealand to honour the Maori wish to return these remains to their homeland and eventually to direct descendants, where possible. This gesture embodies the ethical paradigm shift in the approach to studying anatomy introduced in the 20th century.